Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar

(Shrii Shrii Anandamurti)


The expansive philosophy that has influenced the work of Ananda Seva Mission was first put forward by Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar (1921-1990), known by his followers as Shrii Shrii Anandamurti. P.R. Sarkar was a philosopher, social reformer, and spiritual teacher dedicated to the task of planetary transformation. Through his actions and teachings, he inspired many people to develop their potentialities and take on active responsibility for humanity’s welfare.

Sarkar was a master of yogic spirituality. He formulated a contemporary spiritual path grounded in perennial meditative techniques, integrating practices of yogic traditions. He trained nearly two thousand teachers. These teachers have taken powerful practices for inner development to people throughout the world, often at no cost.

P.R. Sarkar’s extensive writings on philosophy resolve the contradictions between science and mysticism, idealism and materialism, action and detachment, monism and dualism, relative and absolute views on ethics, development and sustainability, and personal and political approaches to liberation. His body of published philosophical works fills many volumes.

Sarkar’s socioeconomic philosophy, PROUT, inspires community economic development and regional populist political movements. PROUT is seen by many who are socially aware as providing a comprehensive and viable post-capitalist vision that balances sustainability with material development. PROUT re-localizes economic power while promoting global authority.

A philosophy of education developed by Sarkar, which emphasizes humanist values and nurturing of the human spirit, is being used in hundreds of schools around the world. Among his last big projects was laying the groundwork for Bhagavad Dharma University, an institution of higher learning that will include research into spiritual practices.

Social Justice

Sarkar made a wide range of contributions to human upliftment. In the realm of human services, he established a global disaster relief agency and inspired diverse community service projects, including rural development schemes, medical clinics, group homes, and food distribution programs.

Sarkar was committed to gender equality. He spoke out against dogmas, social customs, and injustices that oppress women, and he inspired women to work together to increase their economic, psychic, social, and spiritual power. He also affirmed the significance of women’s contributions to human history, including the matriarchal origins of civilization and women’s important role in the development of spirituality.

He recognized the importance of cultural creativity and established an association for the development and expression of the arts, giving it the mission to create “art for service and blessedness.” He himself composed 5018 songs, known collectively as Prabhat Samgiita (Songs of the New Dawn), which express noble and uplifting sentiments in lyrics that can appeal to all people.

Sarkar spoke over 200 languages. His discourses on language are used as texts in several universities. He extended the expressive range of Bengali and other Indian languages by adding thousands of Sanskrit-derived words to their vocabularies. And he wrote grammar texts for English and Hindi.

To help preserve the genetic diversity of Earth’s plant life, he established a network of botanical gardens. Through his initiative, an animal sanctuary for endangered species was set up in West Bengal. He condemned the destruction of wildlife habitats and the cruel treatment of animals used for human food and service.

In the field of medicine, he authored a book of natural remedies that combines herbal, yogic, dietary, and naturopathic treatments for common diseases. He also gave a process for formulating a new type of medicine, based on a pranic potentizing of herbal remedies.

Personal Life

P.R. Sarkar lived a life of simplicity and conducted his affairs in a manner consistent with his beliefs. Despite his powerful personal presence, he refused to become a public personality, avoiding contact with the media or the curious public. Sarkar’s personal life was devoid of showmanship or spiritual exploitation.

During his lifetime, Sarkar faced much opposition, as his criticisms of religious, cultural, and political dogmas threatened powerful groups in his native India. He was in jail from 1972-78, held without bail on politically motivated charges for which he was eventually acquitted. While in prison he was target of an assassination attempt, which led to his undertaking a fast lasting over five years.

Mentor of Greatness

P.R. Sarkar, who became known as Shrii Shrii Anandamurti by his followers, had a single-minded mission: to promote human liberation in its fullest expression. Often, he worked twenty hours a day, seven days a week, to advance the welfare of humanity and other living beings. His untiring commitment to a noble ideal attracted many high-minded followers.

Sarkar recognized that humanity is at a critical juncture, poised between intensifying crises on the one hand and an emerging planetary renaissance on the other. He urged people to be active and struggle against the forces that are fragmenting, oppressing, and exploiting humanity, which violate the natural world. He called on all who are inspired by universal love to end humanity’s degradation and develop its higher potential.


Cultural values are changing. Materialism, narcissistic individualism, and religious dogmatism are now being questioned. There is a diminishing infatuation with glitter and gluttony, power and prestige, doctrine and dogma. Many are aware that ecosystems are losing resiliency, that the global economy is on shaky ground, and that materialism cannot fulfill human aspirations.

As this reorientation of values gains ground, Sarkar’s vision is likely to find increasing appeal, for it is a vision that affirms powerful and perennial sentiments: to live a life of meaning; to struggle for a high ideal; to act out of compassion; to protect the life of the community; and to free the mind of dogma. These are sentiments that take human life beyond mundane desires and existential emptiness, imbuing it with spiritedness, purpose, and depth.


Commitment to Living Beings

Sarkar was holistic in his approach. As a spiritualist, he taught that human fulfillment ultimately comes from experience of the Divine. But he combined the orientation of the mystic with a firm commitment to social development. To further social progress, he challenged the dogmas that stifle the human spirit, encouraged the struggle against tyranny and exploitation, and sought to bring human existence into harmony with the natural world.

Sarkar made great efforts to develop moral, loving, and dedicated individuals. Through his example, his teachings, his spiritual practices, and his sacrifice, he sought to cultivate human greatness. It was not his intent to gain fame and glory for himself, but to empower others with the stamina, dedication, and purity of mind needed to create a better world.

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